On January 1, 2016 a free trade zone agreement between Ukraine and the European Union came into force. Besides the fact that customs duties are reduced for both Ukraine and the member countries of the European Union, it will also lead to other changes.
It is important to note the following nuances for international transportations of goods from Ukraine to the EU:
1. Choice of a vehicle
International delivery can be carried out by one of transport modes. Corcel company enables transportation by road, air, sea and rail transport modes. By combining several types of transport transportation will be considered as multimodal.
2. Development of the transport route
Planning a route of transportation requires special attention, because the goods often cross the borders of several countries, each of which may have their own requirements for documenting, especially at the state border, the requirements for customs clearance, etc. All the rules and features of trade between the European Union and countries which are not included into the EU are contained in the Customs Code of the European Union.
3. Customs clearance
In general, customs clearance can be divided into three stages.
1) Customs clearance in the exporting country:
In order to clear the exported goods, it is necessary to prepare the necessary contracts, certificates and licenses, the commodity-transport documents. Export declaration EX-1 is required.
The list of required documents for export from Ukraine to the EU:
- customs declaration;
- international contract, drawn up in 2 languages;
- certificate of origin EUR-1;
- quality certificate (if necessary);
- commodity-transport documents (Way Bill, Bill of Lading, CMR);
- Carnet TIR (issued for certain types of goods, including excisable goods, food, etc.).
2) Cargo transportation through the customs border of the EU:
When the goods arrive at the customs border, they are placed in temporary storage under customs control mode (no more than 45 days if the goods are transported by sea or 20 days for other modes of transport), unless they are placed in another customs regime ( free circulation, transit, customs warehouse, import etc.).
3) Customs clearance in the importing country:
In order to arrange import of goods in the country of the recipient, you must pay all customs charges, submit customs declarations and other necessary documents. Depending on the type of cargo veterinary and sanitary, radiological and / or other controls may be needed .
The most important documents that should be prepared in advance for the import of goods into the EU:
- Entry Summary Declaration (ENS), the import customs declaration which includes a commodity information (Invoice data etc.). ENS should be provided in advance to the customs authorities of the country through which you import your goods;
- Single Administrative Document (SAD) is the customs declaration which contains additional information about the cargo. It can be provided to the customs authorities of EU countries, both in electronic and in written form immediately upon arrival at the border. The SAD declaration highlights the customs regime in which the goods will be moved later.
The list of documents required for import into the EU:
- commercial invoice;
- declaration of customs value;
- commodity-transport documents (Bill of Lading, CMR, CIM, TIR Carnet);
- insurance policy for transportation;
- packing list;
- SAD declaration;
- certificate of origin EUR-1 (not required if the exporter has the status of an authorized exporter, a product has zero rates of customs duties or value of the goods does not exceed 6,000 EUR in the European Union);
- import licenses;
- inspection certificates (if necessary).
When exporting goods to the EU it is very important to know what are the nuances and peculiarities of customs procedures in the EU member states:
Assigning the EORI-code to all participants of trade and economic activity (assigned when the first filing of the customs declaration, ENS or SAD). Company-exporters are required in all the customs authorities apply the EORI number, code.
With regard to taxation, all duties and taxes are levied as a percentage of commercial value (the commercial value of the goods is the value of the goods at the time of crossing the border in the sum with the delivery costs).
Alcohol, cigarettes, tobacco, electricity, petroleum products and other goods are subjects to excise tax in the EU.
The Corcel logistics company specializes in the international transportation of goods from Ukraine to the EU.
Our team consists of experienced professionals who are available to calculate the cost of delivery upon your request on any conditions of cooperation. Send your request to our mail firstname.lastname@example.org or contact us via the phone numbers that are listed at our website.